I want to show you a typical 'school trip' around Świętokrzyskie mountains :-D
We're starting in Kielce. The next stop in Nowa Słupia.
Bye bye Kielce ;-)
Nowa Słupia The best starting point for a trip to 'Święty Krzyż'
A small town under the mountains.
The old square market is not interesting, but there are parking and bus station.
And we are near entrance to Świętokrzyski National Park.
Here, we can buy something to eat, or souvenirs
And first toursit attraction. The Royal Route brings us to the Nowa Słupia. According to legend, the King Władysław Jagiełło pilgrimaged through this route. The town was in ancient times one of the largest centers of smelting iron in this part of Europe. To protect the historical value of this place, the Museum of Ancient Metallurgy of Swietokrzyskie Mountains was setabilished. This place can be visited after leaving the Świętokrzyskie Mountains National Park. Today these traditions are reminded at the “Dymarki” event. Visiting Nowa Słupia, one should note the stone pilgrim Emeric, connected with popular legend. Facing the Holy Cross, he has been doing penance for his pride and moving in the top rate of one grain of sand per year. The Armagedon will come while he reaches the summit. ;-)
The Royal Route.
and we are!
During the times of prehistory of Poland, Łysa Góra was likely a sacred mountain and a site of a pagan-cult temple of three gods, mentioned in the Annals of Jan Długosz. There are remains of a quartzite U-shaped wall surrounding the higher part of the mountain, with length of about 1.5 km and height of 2m from 8th-10th centuries. The temple was abandoned after the baptism of Poland. The legend about witches' sabbaths is likely related to the old cult.
On the site of the pagan temple the Benedictine monastery of Holy Cross (Święty Krzyż) was founded (according to a legend, in 1006, by king of Poland, Bolesław Chrobry, but most sources give the 11th century). The monastery was named after a part from Jesus' Cross which was supposedly enshrined there, and was a site of frequent pilgrimages. The monastery was destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout its history, with the most significant destruction taking place in the 19th and 20th centuries. After partitions of Poland, the Russian Empire took over the building in 1819 and converted it into a prison. Partially restored during the interwar period after Poland regained independence, it was taken over by the Nazi Germany and used as a prison and execution site of Soviet prisoners of war (about 6000 perished here). Afterwards, the Polish communist government transferred the building to the Świętokrzyski National Park, which renovated parts of them. Currently the National Park has a museum in some of the former buildings, while a part has been taken over by another religious order (Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate). The abbey, although now past its Golden Age, has given its names to the Świętokrzyskie Mountains range as well as the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship itself. The abbey also holds some mummified bodies; one of them is rumored (but not confirmed) to belong to Prince Jeremi Wiśniowiecki.
Another notable building found on the mountain is the Święty Krzyż TV Tower; the tallest free-standing TV tower in Poland. Built in 1966, it is a 157 metre tall concrete tower.
The Soviet prisoners executed by the Nazis are buried in a mass grave near the peak. At the bottom of the mountain, there is a monument to Poles who died in the Katyn massacre.
For lazy :mrgreen: A 'Train' from Huta Szklana. This village is on the other side of the mountain
Bodzentyn. The town where is a ruins of the castle. Is not very interesting
The next interesting place is Święta Katarzyna. It's the starting point to Łysica
Łysica [ˈwɨˈɕit͡sa] is the highest mountain in Świętokrzyskie Mountains of Poland. Its height is 612 metres (2,008 ft). It is located in the Świętokrzyski National Park and there is an abbey below it, on a site that might have been a pagan temple before the times of baptism of Poland.
Ciekoty Here is a Manor House of Stefan Żeromski
And back to Kielce ;-)
In Tokarnia there is an open-air Kielce Countryside Museum (Muzeum Wsi Kieleckiej - Park Etnograficzny w Tokarni), with examples of old countryside architecture. The museum is situated just by the European route E77 (Kielce-Kraków part).
This is the place, when everything is sucks, you can lie in the grass and watch the clouds :-D
The castle in Sobków
And in Chęciny
The construction of the fortress probably began in the late 13th century. It is certain that the castle existed in 1306, when king Władysław I the Elbow-high gave it to the Archbishop of Kraków, Jan Muskata. A year later, under the pretext of detection of a plot against the royal power, the castle returned to the king. It played a significant role as a place of concentration of troops departing for war with the Teutonic Knights.
After the death of Władysław the Elbow-high the stronghold was enlarged by Casimir III the Great. At that time Chęciny become a residence of the king's second wife Adelaide of Hesse. In following years it was also a residence of Elisabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary, Sophia of Halshany and her son Władysław III of Varna and Bona Sforza. Later it was used for many years as a state prison. Among imprisoned here were Michael Küchmeister von Sternberg future Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, Andrzej Wingold, Jogaila's half-brother and Warcisław of Gotartowice.
In the second half of the 16th century, the castle began to decline. In 1588 the parliament ordered to transfer the castle's inventories to the Chęciny Church and in 1607, during the Zebrzydowski Rebellion the fortifications and buildings were partially destroyed and burned. The castle briefly regained its former glory due to reconstruction initiated by Stanisław Branicki, starost of Chęciny, but in 1655-1657 it was almost completely destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian and Transilvanian troops. The destruction was completed in 1707 during another another Swedish occupation. Then, the last residents left the castle. Over the next century the medieval walls become a source of building material for local villagers.
I don't know how's in Łodź, but i suppose that it's similar event. So far everything was happended on Sienkiewicza Street (in Łódź on Piotrkowska?), the fair, performances, parades and bonus scene for children in city park. You know baloons, ponies, and other :mrgreen: And at the end fireworks.
But this year is better. Maybe you know Leszek Kumański from TVP. He is director, scriptwriter and producer of television programs. He organizes concerts in Opole and Sopot. He was born in Kielce. ;-) And one year ago he decided to organize a big concert in his/my city. The witches' sabbath. But it was in september.
This year feast Kielce and The Second Witches' Sabbath will together. And it's no coincidence. 22/23 is Noc Świętojańska (in Świętokrzyskie Noc Kupały). Do you follow me? :-P
Noc Kupały + The Witches' Sabbath + our promotional slogan:
It's magic time...
Other promotial event is 'Holiday with ghosts' on Castle in Szydłów (probably in August on TVP2). The best polish cabarets with shows about ghosts and other magic things :-D
In the first day of feast will the great opening of old market square after repairs. Finally looks like before World War II.